Diamond wire – stone interaction during the cutting process: mechanical, physical and chemical investigations

  • S. Spriano Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • S. Ferraris Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • R. Bellopede Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • P. Marini Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • L. Zichella Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • A. Tori CO.FI.PLAST SRL, Lessolo, Italy
Keywords: stone workability, diamond wires, corrosion, diamond beads characterization, diamond wires-stone interaction, granite, sienite, diorite

Abstract

Stone cutting with diamond wires results in the progressive and concurrent wear of the natural
stone and the cutting tool (diamond wires - diamond beads). This phenomenon has been
investigated since the beginning of stone machining, but there are still several open questions
concerning the parameters controlling it. The aim of this study is to establish correlations between
the natural stone mineralogical composition and the diamond wires cut performance in terms of
efficiency, productivity and diamond beads consumption. This investigation requires a
multidisciplinary approach. Microscopic analysis have been done in order to investigate the wear
processes of the diamond beads in terms of super-abrasive grains (diamond grits) damage and
pull out. Petrographic analysis and mineralogical investigation have been considered in order to
correlate the removal rate during the cutting action with the characteristics of the stones. Muds
derived from cutting have been characterized for the complete comprehension of the cutting
process. The erosion analysis concerned both stone debris and diamond beads, characterizing
both the metal powder and super-abrasive grains (diamond) in the cut waste (mud). Moreover, the
metal matrix is the core of the diamond wire technology and it drives cutting performance and
efficiency.
Published
2015-11-25
How to Cite
Spriano, S., Ferraris, S., Bellopede, R., Marini, P., Zichella, L., & Tori, A. (2015). Diamond wire – stone interaction during the cutting process: mechanical, physical and chemical investigations. International Conference on Stone and Concrete Machining (ICSCM), 3, 112-119. https://doi.org/10.13154/icscm.3.2015.112-119
Section
Session 4