Wear at elevated temperatures – microstructural investigations of tool materials after high temperature sliding wear

  • M. Walter Lehrstuhl Werkstofftechnik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany, phone: +49(0)234-32-25962, fax: + 49(0)234-32-14104
  • G. Egels Lehrstuhl Werkstofftechnik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
  • A. Röttger Lehrstuhl Werkstofftechnik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
  • W. Theisen Lehrstuhl Werkstofftechnik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
Keywords: High temperature sliding wear, high temperature hardness, cemented carbides, high-speed steel, tribochemical wear layer

Abstract

The presented study investigates the hardness and sliding wear behavior of cemented carbides
and high-speed tool steels at elevated temperatures. Therefore, experimental analysis focus on the
behavior and the microstructural changes of the aforementioned materials during sliding wear at
room temperature, 400°C, and 600°C. Investigations are performed with respect to materials
mechanical properties, which are represented by high temperature hardness measurements. As a
result a main output of this study is an overview about the interdependencies of the microstructure
and the high temperature hardness of tool materials (cemented carbides, high-speed steels).
Results show that the absolute value of the room temperature and the high temperature hardness
of cemented carbides are connected to the WC-carbide volume fraction. In contrast, the
development of the hardness with increasing temperature is mainly influenced by the volume
fraction and the characteristics of the binder matrix. In addition to the investigation of cemented
carbides, the hardness of HS 6-5-3 steel grade at elevated temperatures was investigated. The
value of the high temperature hardness of HS 6-5-3 high-speed steel is comparable to the
hardness of cemented carbide materials, having higher binder content of 30 vol.-%.The absolute
value and the temperature dependent course of the high temperature hardness of the high-speed
steel are further influenced by the applied heat-treatment. Moreover, detailed wear experiments
and microscopic analyses of the worn surfaces of selected materials are presented. These
investigations show the main differences between room temperature sliding wear and high
temperature sliding wear. In the systems studied, an increase in testing temperature leads to a
rapid decrease of friction and wear rate. Microscopic investigations reveal that, the reason for this
effect is the formation of a tribochemical wear layer at the surface of the wear bodies. This layer
suppresses direct metallic contact and changes the characteristics of the tribological system.
Discussed issues of high temperature sliding wear are the formation and stability of tribochemical
wear layers, their connection to and support by the bulk material as well as the fracturing and
damage of the layer-bulk-material compound.
Published
2015-11-25
How to Cite
Walter, M., Egels, G., Röttger, A., & Theisen, W. (2015). Wear at elevated temperatures – microstructural investigations of tool materials after high temperature sliding wear. International Conference on Stone and Concrete Machining (ICSCM), 3, 320-334. https://doi.org/10.13154/icscm.3.2015.320-334
Section
Keynote 3